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Nigeria ranks low at 152 in 2016 Human Development Index
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By Adesanya Alao
August 29, 2016 13:33:36pm GMT      |      Views: 2059
Nigeria

WorldStage Newsonline—The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has released its 2016 Human Development Index (HDI) report with Nigeria scoring 0.514 which put it in the low human development category position of 152 out of 188 countries.

The HDI report for Africa was released at the weekend in Kenya during the Toyoko International Conference on African Development (TICAD).

In the latest ranking, Nigeria remains on Low Human Development (LHD) category while Mauritius emerged highest position of 63 countries on the High Human Development (HHD) table where Tunisia came last at 96 position; Bostawa was the first of 106 positions on the Medium Human Development (MHD) categories where São Tomé and Príncipe came last at 143 position.

Moreover, Kenya was placed at 145 position on the list of countries ranked low with Niger Republic in the last position at 188.

Kenya's average annual HDI between 2010 and 2014 was 0.92 percent, outperforming Nigeria whose annual HDI within the same period was placed at 1.06.

The HDI is a summary measure for assessing long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and health life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.

Meanwhile, UNDP disclosed that sub-Saharan Africa was losing the average of $95 billion a year due to gender inequality.

It said that the situation escalated in 2014 when the region lost $105 billion or six percent of the region’s GDP.

A report byUNDP "Africa Human Development Report 2016: Advancing Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Africa” said that the unhealthy development was jeopardizing the continent’s efforts for inclusive human development and economic growth

"If gender gaps can be closed in labour markets, education, health, and other areas, then poverty and hunger eradication can be accelerated", said UNDP Administrator Helen Clark.

The UNDP report analyzed the political, economic and social drivers that hamper African women’s advancement and proposes policies and concrete actions to close the gender gap.

These included addressing the contradiction between legal provisions and practice in gender laws; breaking down harmful social norms and transforming discriminatory institutional settings; and securing women’s economic, social and political participation.

Giving reasons for the discrimination, the UNDP report stated that unequal distribution of power, wealth amongst others limit the women from realizing their full potentials.

"Deeply-rooted structural obstacles such as unequal distribution of resources, power and wealth, combined with social institutions and norms that sustain inequality are holding African women, and the rest of the continent, back," it stated.

The report also estimated "that a 1 percent increase in gender inequality reduces a country’s human development index by 0.75 percent."

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